Lawrence, Saint

(d. 258)
   One of the deacons of Rome, St. Lawrence was martyred for selling the Church's possessions and giving the money to the poor. When Emperor Valerian heard of the saint's actions, he demanded the return of the sold items. Lawrence gathered the blind, crippled, orphans, and poor and told Valerian that these were the treasures of the Church. In retaliation, Valerian condemned Lawrence to burn on a hot griddle. As the saint bore the agony of his martyrdom, he asked his executioners to turn him over for he was already well-cooked on one side — the scene depicted by Titian (1548-1559) in the Chiesa dei Gesuiti in Venice and Agnolo Bronzino (1569) in the Church of San Lorenzo, Florence. Key episodes from the saint's life are included in the Chapel of Nicolas V at the Vatican frescoed by Fra Angelico in 1448 and the Sancta Sanctorum at the Lateran Palace, Rome, a chapel dedicated to the saint. Michael Pacher's St. Lawrence Distributing Alms (1465-1470; Munich, Alte Pinakothek) is part of the dismantled St. Lawrence Altarpiece of St. Lorenzen near Bruneck, now dispersed in various museums.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Lawrence, Saint — or Saint Laurence died 258, Rome; feast day August 10 Roman martyr. He was one of seven deacons in Rome during the papacy of Sixtus II. When the pope was executed during the persecution of Christians under Valerian, the authorities asked Lawrence …   Universalium

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  • Lawrence — /lawr euhns, lor /, n. 1. D(avid) H(erbert), 1885 1930, English novelist. 2. Ernest O(rlando), 1901 58, U.S. physicist: inventor of the cyclotron; Nobel prize 1939. 3. Gertrude, 1901? 52, English actress. 4. Jacob, born 1917, U.S. painter and… …   Universalium

  • Saint — 1347 80, Italian ascetic and mystic. died A.D. 731, pope 715 731. died A.D. 741, pope 731 741. died A.D. 352, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 337 352. died A.D. 683, Sicilian ecclesiastic: pope 682 683. died A.D. 855, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 847… …   Universalium

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